Hip & Elbow Dysplasia and Patellar Luxation in Mini Aussies

 

What is Hip Dysplasia

 

In dogs, hip dysplasia is an abnormal formation of the hip socket that, in its more severe form, can eventually cause crippling lameness and painful arthritis of the joints. It is a genetic (polygenic) trait that is affected by environmental factors. It can be found in many animals and in humans, but is most commonly associated with dogs, and is common in many dog breeds, particularly the larger breeds.

Hip dysplasia is one of the most studied veterinary conditions in dogs, and the most common single cause of arthritis of the hips.

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What is Elbow Dysplasia

 

It is a condition caused by the abnormal growth of cells, tissue, or bone. The condition is characterized by a series of four developmental abnormalities that lead to malformation and degeneration of the elbow joint. It is the most common cause of elbow pain and lameness, and one of the most common causes of forelimb lameness in large and giant-breed dogs.

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Patellar Luxlation

 

The patella, or kneecap, is part of the stifle joint (knee). In patellar luxation, the kneecap luxates, or pops out of place.  Elbow Dysplasia is a significant genetically determined problem in many breeds of dogs often manifesting from puppyhood and continuing for life.   In elbow dysplasia, the complex elbow joint suffers from a structural defect, often related to its cartliage.   This initial condition, known as a "primary lesion", causes an abnormal level of wear and tear and gradual degradation of the joint, at times disabling or with cronic pain. Secondary processes such as inflammation and osteoarthisis  can arise from this damage  which increase the problem and add further problems of their own.

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